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All about Epagneul Papillon dogs


It is alongside the great ladies of the Renaissance, that we find in many paintings, these dogs, which we suppose to come from Europe (Western Europe). Its most recent history took place in France and Belgium. Indeed, during the last century, the Continental Dwarf Spaniel, according to its ear port, was divided into two varieties: the Butterfly and the Phalene.

However, it was not when 1937 that the FCI approved the standard, and therefore officially recognized the breed.

Physical characteristics

All colors are allowed (the most common being red, yellow, tricolor and bicolor). The dress is not complete until around the age of one and a half.


Small dog with a harmonious structure and lively appearance, approximately 28 cm in size.

Weight: 1 to 4 kg for the male and 1 to 5 kg for the female


The head is light, the stop accentuated, the nose small and black, slightly flattened.


The hair is abundant and wavy, without undercoat, runs on the muzzle and on the anterior part of the limbs. It forms a collar and a plastron.


The eyes are large, almond shaped, dark and expressive.


The ears are thin: they are erect in the Butterfly, with the conch wide open and carried to the side, trimmed with fringes (they should resemble the unfolded wings of a Butterfly).


The tail is carried curved over the back and forms a graceful plume.


Affectionate: Very close to its social group, the Continental Miniature Spaniel is a dog that constantly needs affection and can therefore be somewhat intrusive when it comes to claiming caresses and attention from its owners .

Player: Very dynamic and playful by nature, this dog is always up for a play session and as a result, he is a perfect companion for children.

Calm … or not! : Although he is active, some subjects are calmer than others. So, if his masters are dynamic, he will follow them, but if they are calm, so will he.

Intelligent: He is very adaptable and easily acclimates to all situations. In addition, he quickly understands what is expected of him and cooperates with enthusiasm.

Fearful / Suspicious: He is not aggressive towards strangers, but he is not very friendly. Clearly, he tends to stay distant.

Slightly Independent: Like many companion dogs, the Miniature Papillon Spaniel is dependent on its owner and is always happy to please him and get his attention.

Maintenance and prices

Resistant / robust: Despite its fragile appearance and small size, this dog is robust and enjoys a very good longevity.
Grooming and maintenance: You simply have to untangle your dress regularly to prevent knots from forming (especially tail and ears).

Hair Loss: The Continental Miniature Spaniel is only subject to an annual moult but still requires daily brushing to remove as much dead hair as possible.

Average life expectancy: around 14 years


The price of a Papillon Spaniel varies according to its origins, age and sex. It takes an average of 1200 € for a dog registered in the LOF. The highest lines can be sold for up to 1900 €.

Regarding the average budget to meet the needs of a dog of this size, it takes about 20 € / month.

Behavior and Education

Poor loneliness: What is important to him is to stay with his master, therefore he does not like to be alone.

Easy to train / obedient: The Miniature Papillon Spaniel is a very easy dog ​​to train because it readily cooperates with its owner if the latter has a consistent and gentle attitude. Brutality is not for this sensitive dog.

Lively, he quickly understands what is expected of him and performs with enthusiasm if the relationship with his master is based on trust and respect.

Be careful though, his beautiful natural aptitudes should not imply a lax education. It should be started as soon as the puppy arrives home so that it does not develop bad habits.

Barking: this companion dog is not the loudest, but will nevertheless make everyone understand the presence of someone behind the door, for example.

This characteristic must be checked!

Non-Runaway: Devoid of an instinct for predation and particularly a “glue pot” with respect to his master, this dog rarely moves away from the latter.

Non Destructive: Although loneliness can cause him some anxiety, it is very rare to observe silliness and destruction with this dog. He will eventually be able to let off steam on his toys but will not harm furniture or other household items

Meet up our Epagneuls dogs